Johann Christian August Heinroth

Doctor, psychiatrist


Born: 17.01.1773 in Leipzig

Died: 26.10.1843 in Leipzig


Doctorate: 1805 in Leipzig (Medicine)

University lecturer: 1805 - 1806, 1810 - 1843 Leipzig


Heinroth, the son of a surgeon, initially studied medicine in the town of his birth. He then travelled via Rome to Vienna, where he continued his studies under the tutelage of Johann Peter Frank. Afterwards he studied theology for a short period in Erlangen before returning to Leipzig where he was awarded a doctorate in medicine and qualified to lecture in 1806. In the years of war which followed, he was forced to interrupt his studies and served as a military doctor. In 1810 he returned to lecturing and also published his first important work, the Beyträge zur Krankheitslehre (contributions to the study of illness). Heinroth, who became an extraordinary professor in 1811 and a full professor of physical medicine in 1827, remained loyal to Leipzig despite lucrative offers from Dorpat and St Petersburg. He died while serving as Dean in 1843.

Störungen des Seelenlebens (disorders of the soul, 1818) and System der psychisch-gerichtlichen Medizin (a system of physical-forensic medicine, 1825) are considered to be Heinroth's most important works. In his philosophical studies, he favoured the views espoused by Herder while distancing himself from Schelling, Fichte and particularly from Hegel.

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