DÜSSELDORF, Germany, 01 - 05 APRIL 2001



You are Invited...
...to actively participate in the 20th World Conference on Open Learning and Distance Education,
01 - 05 April 2001, Düsseldorf, Germany.
  • You may register for the conference now. Please use the appropriate registration form. Please send the form to the Conference Management Mondial Congress.
  • You may register for the Pre-Conference Events. For more information see here.
  • You may submit a video or power point presentation introducing your institution. For more information have a look at the Call for Papers or mail to D-2001@fernuni-hagen.de
  • You may act as a chairperson or moderator of a Parallel or Poster Session. For more information have a look at the Call for Papers or mail to D-2001@fernuni-hagen.de
  • Your may submit proposals for Special Concurrent Sessions (companies, institutions,...). For more information have a look at the Call for Papers or mail to icde@icde.no
  • You may become an exhibitor. For more information mail to KrinsT@ccd.de
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The Patron of the Conference
"I am very glad that the FernUniversität Hagen succeeded in obtaining the contract for the 20th World Conference on Open Learning and Distance Education. It is a pleasure to take on the patronage of this important event that will deal with the future of learning."

Quotation from a letter by the
President of the Federal Republic of Germany,
Johannes Rau

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Invitation and Welcome Message
Open, distance, and virtual learning will be the key strategy for education and training in an information society where continuous updating of knowledge and skills throughout the entire population will be a prime basis for the development of economies and of nations.
It is important for all institutions, associations, and individuals in the field of teaching and training to stay on the cutting edge of this fast-moving environment.
On behalf of the organizers of the 20th ICDE World Conference, we invite everyone who is involved in any field of education and training (universities, schools, companies, governments, inter-governmental organizations, NGOs, etc.) to actively participate in the 20th ICDE World Conference on Open Learning and Distance Education, to take place in Düsseldorf, Germany, from 01 to 05 April 2001. This first World Conference in the new millennium is an effort by the international community to focus on the future of education and training in general and on the convergence of open, distance, and virtual learning and traditional education paradigms.
We are pleased to report that the Call for Papers resulted a very good response and we look forward to receiving interesting and considerable contributions at the 20th ICDE World Conference. Keynote speeches will be delivered by renown representatives from education, politics, and economy.
The World Conference will be structured into Core Events (Plenary, Panel, Parallel, and Poster Sessions) and Extension Events (Workshops, Discussion Groups, Media Demonstrations, Meetings, etc.). In addition, Special Concurrent Sessions and an Exhibition, presenting products and services, will be held in conjunction with the conference.
Since 1938, ICDE has organized periodic world conferences, bringing together the world's leaders in Open Learning and Distance Education. ICDE world conferences are the most established and prestigious events in a field that is in the forefront of global educational development. The ICDE organization includes 145 countries all over the world, as well as an increasing number of education and training systems.
ICDE is receiving official recognition by national governments and the international community for its world-wide activities and excellence in the field of open, distance, and virtual learning.
The 20th ICDE World Conference is under the patronage of the President of the Federal Republic of Germany, Dr. Johannes Rau.
The Federal Government of Germany, the State Government of North Rhine-Westphalia, the Norwegian Government, the South East Asia Ministers of Education Organization (SEAMEO), the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), and the World Bank are officially co-sponsoring ICDE and the Conference.
ICDE is co-operating with many major regional and national educational associations in planning for the 20th World Conference on Open Learning and Distance Education.
For the first time the World Conference is organized in Germany, and German authorities and institutions are actively supporting and participating in the conference preparation (AG-F, BDA, BMBF, DFV, FernUni, HRK, idw, MSWF, Staatsk. NRW, Uni Oldenburg, ZFU).
The scientific programme of the conference is in the hands of an International Programme Committee chaired by Professor Dr.-Ing. Helmut Hoyer, the Rektor of the FernUniversität Hagen in Germany.
The main co-ordinator of the conference is Reidar Roll, Secretary General and CEO of ICDE.
One of the most professional and experienced conference organizers in Europe, Mondial Congress, has been selected as responsible for all logistic, social and cultural arrangements before and during the conference.
The 20th ICDE World Conference will again bring together a wide range and a large number of experts and people interested in Open Learning and Distance Education. We expect participants from more than 100 countries worldwide.
We would like to welcome you to Düsseldorf and to the
20th World Conference on Open Learning and Distance Education.
Molly Corbett Broad
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Helmut Hoyer
FernUniversität Hagen
Scientific Programme Chair
Reidar Roll
Secretary General and CEO
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The Themes and the Structure of the Conference
The 20th ICDE World Conference on Open Learning and Distance Education will be held under the main theme

The Future of Learning - Learning for the Future:
Shaping the Transition

The main objective of the conference will be to view the development of learning and to explore how especially open learning and distance education, virtual training and e-learning will find their positions in a perpetually changing world in the coming years.
During the decades before the turn of the millennium the influence of technology, economy, politics, and society on people was very strong and it will go on affecting our daily life. World-wide, we find ourselves in a period of transition. Nobody could have expected all the radical changes that have taken place during the past years, and today nobody can predict reliably the development and the changes still to come. In addition, changes and developments have been rather diverse in the different parts of the world as far as way, rapidity, and results are concerned.
Against this background, we have to ask ourselves whether we want to accept, to control, to harmonize, to remove, or to overcome these changes and developments with all their varieties. Thus, we need to get an idea of our aims: What do we want education and training worldwide to be in 2005/2010?
We should not allow ourselves to be overrun by the upcoming technical, economic, political, and social developments. On the contrary, we should aim to actively influence the objectives, the contents, the direction, the path, the means, and the rapidity of the changes and thus shape the transition into the future. We need to give answers to the following questions:

How do we learn in the future?
How do we learn for the future?
How do we achieve justness and social equity?
How do we achieve sustainable results?

Considering the need to face the changes and developments in the field of education and training, the 20th ICDE World Conference will explore the challenges for Open Learning and Distance Education under the following six main streams:
  • Strategies & Policies
  • Contents & Skills
  • Methods & Technologies
  • Support & Services
  • Management & Logistics
  • Research & Evaluation
Within these streams the development of Open Learning and Distance Education will be treated under the influence of various issues and aspects. The most significant ones are listed here:

Technology-Pedagogy Interface
Staff Development 
Developing Countries 
Take off Countries 
Developed Countries 

Vocational Education
Higher Education
Workforce Training
All these streams, issues, and aspects affect Lifelong Learning in its three main areas of education and training:
The definite programme of the World Conference will be designed along this structure of streams, issues, aspects, and areas. Abstracts and proposals for Core Events (Plenary, Parallel and Poster Sessions) and Extension Events should refer to these streams, issues, aspects, and areas. They should as well always relate to the main theme and the main objective of the conference.
To get a visual impression of the conference structure please have a look at the Conference Scheme.
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Conference Proceedings
Accepted abstracts for paper presentations in Parallel and Poster Sessions and accepted proposals for Extension Events will be available via the WWW prior to the conference. The full versions of accepted papers for Parallel and Poster Sessions will be available on CD-ROM. The CD-ROM will be distributed to all participants in the conference and it can be purchased via the Conference Organizer, ICDE, in Oslo after the conference
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Conference Languages
The overall working language of the conference will be English. Simultaneous translation from and into French, German, and Spanish will be provided for all Plenary Sessions and for selected Panel and Parallel Sessions.
Some conference sessions or events may be held in a language other than English.
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Types of Events and Presentations
The 20th World Conference on Open Learning and Distance Education will comprise different types of events and presentations
Plenary Sessions, Parallel Sessions, and Poster Sessions will be the Core Events of the World Conference. These Core Events are the "official", formally structured and presented conference programme.
The Core Programme is under the overall responsibility of the ICDE. The Scientific Programme Chair will be responsible for the overall coordination and arrangement. Parts of the Core Programme are organized with the support of the Open University, United Kingdom, and the UNED, Spain.
  • Opening Ceremony on Sunday late afternoon
    The Opening Ceremony on 01 April 2001 late afternoon and evening will contain an official opening and information part (short and precise) and a stage show (dynamic and local) and it will be followed by a social gathering (warm-hearted and international).
  • Panel and Plenary Sessions
    A number of Plenary and Panel Sessions will be arranged from Monday to Thursday where speakers for keynotes and round table discussions will be invited.
  • Closing Session on Thursday morning
    The Closing Session on 05 April 2001will provide summaries on the different content areas of the conference as well as an outlook into the future.
Six Parallel Sessions will be held at a time, with four paper presentations each.
In Parallel Sessions media based presentations (OHP, Video, Powerpoint) will be possible, but online presentation (Internet) will not be possible in order to avoid technical problems (breakdowns, cutoffs).
The Poster Sessions are linked to the different Parallel Sessions. There will be two types of Poster Sessions:
  • Different authors (max. 12) give short presentations (5 minutes) of their posters and discuss the topics with the audience afterwards; the session will be led by a chairperson.
  • A moderator gives a professional summary of up to 12 posters, followed by a discussion of the authors and the audience; the discussion will be led by the moderator.
All posters will be presented on poster walls throughout the conference. Meetings with the author(s) at the poster walls independent of the Poster Sessions will be possible.
In Poster Sessions only OHP presentations, but no Powerpoint, Video, or Online presentation (Internet) will be possible due to time constraints.
In addition to the Core Events the World Conference will allow for a large number of Extension Events of different types. These Extension Events will be organized independently and on the responsibility of ICDE member institutions, and co-operating institutions and associations.
These events will focus on specific themes, activities, or developments. Please contact the Conference Organizer ICDE for more information.
Specially equipped meeting and presentation rooms will allow for demonstrations and examinations of all kinds of learning and training material based on single or multimedia technology, including online presentations (small fees to cover handling and communication costs might be charged).
Please contact the Conference Organizer
ICDE for more information.
Regional and professional associations, socio-cultural and language groupings are invited to organize their own meetings in conjunction with the World Conference. The ICDE will present its regional and global activities and will invite for participation.
Please contact the Conference Organizer
ICDE for more information.

The Special Concurrent Sessions are to be held as an integral part of the conference programme. Companies, educational institutions, and governmental authorities are offered the opportunity to present their latest programmes, products, publications and services in fields connected to open, distance, and virtual learning.
Please contact the Conference Organizer
ICDE for more information.

An exhibition will be held in conjunction with the conference.
Please contact the Exhibition Management at the CCD. for more information on the exhibition and on how to become an exhibitor.
In cooperation with `Deutsches Plakatmuseum' (German Poster Museum), Essen, a "Poster for Promotion" Show related to open and distance learning will be organized. All institutions, organizations, and individuals who have such posters available are requested to contribute to a colourful poster show.
Please contact the D-2001 Office for more information.
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Schedule of Events
Sunday, 01 April 2001
14:00 Registration
17:00 Opening Ceremony
                           Reception Cocktail and Social Gathering
Monday, 02 April 2001
08:00 - 08:45 Speakers Coffee    //    Special Concurrent Sessions
09:00 - 11:00 Plenary Session
11:30 - 12:30
Parallel Sessions Poster Sessions Extension Events
12:30 - 14:30 Lunch Break    //    Special Concurrent Sessions
14:30 - 16:00
Parallel Sessions Poster Sessions Extension Events
16:30 - 18:00
Parallel Sessions Poster Sessions Extension Events
Tuesday, 03 April 2001
08:00 - 08:45 Speakers Coffee    //    Special Concurrent Sessions
09:00 - 10:30
Parallel Sessions Poster Sessions Extension Events
11:00 - 12:30
Parallel Sessions Poster Sessions Extension Events
12:30 - 14:30 Lunch Break    //    Special Concurrent Sessions
14:30 - 16:00
Parallel Sessions Poster Sessions Extension Events
16:30 - 18:00
Parallel Sessions Poster Sessions Extension Events
Wednesday, 04 April 2001
08:00 - 08:45 Speakers Coffee    //    Special Concurrent Sessions
09:00 - 10:30 Plenary Session
11:00 - 12:30
Parallel Sessions Poster Sessions Extension Events
12:30 - 14:30 Lunch Break    //    Special Concurrent Sessions
14:30 - 16:00
Parallel Sessions Poster Sessions Extension Events
16:30 - 18:00
Parallel Sessions Poster Sessions Extension Events
                         Conference Dinner on a Boat on the River Rhine (under preparation)
Thursday, 05 April 2001
09:00 - 10:30 Special Panel Sessions
10:30 - 12:00 Closing Ceremony
Detailed information will be given in the Final Programme.
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About Sessions & Speakers
The Plenary and Panel Sessions
Besides the Opening Ceremony and the Closing Session, two main Plenary Sessions will be held during the 20th ICDE World Conference on Monday and Wednesday morning.
During the Plenary Session on Monday morning, 02 April 2001, renown representatives from politics and economy, education and society will further explore the main theme of the Conference in their keynote speeches. The discussion on the panel and with the audience will be moderated by Prof. Peter Glotz, mcm institute, University of St. Gallen, Switzerland. Erwin Staudt, CEO IBM, Germany, and Molly C. Broad, President University of North Carolina, USA, have already confirmed their participation; more confirmations are to come.
The Plenary Session on Wednesday morning, 04 April 2001, will focus on the visions for 2005/2010 in the areas of lifelong learning: School and Vocational Education, University and Higher Education, Company and Workforce Training, and Adult Education. The invited speakers will give their personal and professional perspective on education and training as a prerequisite for shaping the transition into the new environments. A panel discussion will follow the presentations, and workshop sessions oriented to the education and training areas will allow for more in-depth-discussions between the keynote speakers and the conference participants. Guus Wijngaards, European SchoolNet, and James C. Taylor, Vice-President University of Southern Queensland, Australia, have already confirmed their participation; more confirmations are to come.
In addition to the Plenary Sessions a number of Special Panels with invited speakers will take place during the Conference, dealing with particular themes: Ethics of Distance Education, Higher Distance Education in North America, Distance Education Journals, etc. are under planning.
The Parallel Sessions
From the incoming abstracts about 200 abstracts were selected for paper presentations in the Parallel Sessions of the conference.
Six Parallel Sessions will be held at a time with normally four paper presentations each, followed by discussions. The Parallel Sessions are related to the six main streams (see Conference Scheme) and will be grouped consecutively within one stream, running throughout the conference.
Appraisal: The members of the International Programme Committee took much time and effort in evaluating the submitted abstracts. The evaluation of the abstracts related to the "Support and Services" stream was heavily supported by the Open University, United Kingdom; the same applies to the structuring of that particular stream. The UNED, Spain, contributed in particular to the evaluation of the abstracts with a "language" aspect.

Prof. Peter Glotz
mcm institute
University of

St. Gallen,

Moderator for Plenary Session on Monday

Erwin Staudt
CEO of
IBM Germany

"The Information Society is driven by knowledge. The average employee of the Information Society has to renew his professional knowledge three times in his live. He will work in different positions which ask different skills. Life long learning becomes more and more important."

Guus Wijngaards
Communication Manager at
European SchoolNet

"Students live in an international society full of communication technologies and social complexities. It is high time that most of our schools and learning centres adapt themselves to these character traits of our society and learn to cope with teaching social complexity."

James C. Taylor
Deputy Vice-Chancellor, University of Southern Queensland, Australia

"As institutions throughout the world increasingly offer courses via the Internet, there will emerge a global lifelong learning economy. To compete successfully in this global competition, education and training organizations need an appropriate organizational development strategy as they strive to survive and prosper
in the 21st century."

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Pre-Conference Events
The participants of the 20th ICDE World Conference are invited to take part in various pre-conference events:

pre_events.gif (4630 Byte)

For more Information see here

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The ICDE Prize of Excellence
The ICDE Prize of Excellence was inaugurated in 1999 as the Global Prize of Excellence in distance and virtual learning. ICDE is pleased to announce that the ICDE Prizes of Excellence will be awarded in April 2001 to deserving entities such as educational institutions, organizations, governments, companies, and individuals for the highest possible excellence in the fields of distance and virtual learning. Decisions to award the ICDE Prize of Excellence will be based on merit alone. No political or cultural consideration will be given in connection with awarding the Prize.
The winners of the ICDE Prize of Excellence will receive the Prize at the ICDE 20th World Conference, in Düsseldorf, Germany, during the Opening Ceremony on 01 April 2001. However, the ICDE being headquartered in Oslo, Norway, the ICDE Prize of Excellence will follow a tradition set by the Nobel Peace Prize in terms of the winners being required to deliver their Prize Lecture in Oslo. The winners of the ICDE Prize of Excellence, by accepting the Prize, also accept the commitment to travel to Oslo the same year that they receive the Prize, where they will be invited to deliver their ICDE Prize of Excellence Lecture to an international audience.

The ICDE Prize of Excellence will be awarded in the following areas:
1. The Institutional Prize
This Prize will be awarded to entities such as educational institutions, organizations, governments, companies, for very significant contributions to the field, particularly in terms of innovation, quality and leadership to mainstream development in moving the field of education and training into the future. These achievements should have strong components of very significant contributions, across cultural and linguistic barriers, to the international community of distance and virtual learning during the last five years.
2. The Individual Prize
This Prize will be awarded for very significant contributions to the field of distance and virtual learning over the last 5 years. The Prize will focus on rewarding innovation, quality, leadership, and movement of the field of education and training into the future, as well as very significant contributions in this respect to the international community of distance and virtual learning during the last five years.
3. The Prize for Lifelong Contribution to the field
The Prize will be awarded for very significant lifelong contributions to the field. These life long achievements should have a strong component of contributions to the international community of open distance learning.
The Prizes will be awarded in the form of the ICDE Prize of Excellence Statuette and Diploma. The Jury for the ICDE Prize of Excellence is the ICDE Executive Committee. The ICDE reserves the right not to award the Prize should it feel that the nominations are not in keeping with the standards that the ICDE wishes to set for the Prize. Nominations may only be given by confirmed ICDE members for the year 2000. Each nomination must be seconded by two other ICDE members. Those nominated need not be members of ICDE. Nominations should include a statement pointing out the concrete main reasons why the nominated candidate deserves the Prize.
The final date for receipt of nominations is 22 December 2000.

Nominations should be sent to:
Reidar Roll
Secretary General and CEO
Gjerdrums vei 12
N-0484 Oslo
Fax: +47 22 02 81 61
E-mail: icde@icde.org

Prof. Dr. Otto Peters, the Founding Rektor of the FernUniversität Hagen, Germany, receiving the ICDE Prize of Excellence during the Opening Ceremony of the 19th ICDE World Conference in Vienna, Austria, 20 June 1999, handed over by Marta Mena, ICDE Vice President for Latin America and the Caribbean
The ICDE Prizes of Excellence 1999 were awarded to
  • Börje Holmberg and Otto Peters (Lifelong Contribution)
  • James C. Taylor (Individual Prize)
  • Open University of Hongkong and University of Southern Queensland (Institutional Prize)
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Information on ICDE
The International Council for Open and Distance Education established in 1938, is the global membership organization of Distance and Virtual Learning organizations, corporations, government agencies and professionals active in this field.
ICDE is a global Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) and UNESCO partner. As a result of its affiliation with UNESCO, ICDE is officially recognised by the United Nations as the global non-governmental organization responsible for the field of distance and virtual learning.
ICDE has facilitated and communicated leadership and development in the field of Open and Distance Learning for 62 years. At the global level, ICDE is the instrument to fulfil the needs for international fora and mechanisms of co-operation and joint action among and between Distance and Virtual Education organizations. ICDE represents the premier forum for debate, knowledge, experience sharing and networking of peer capability.
Through its membership and partnership structure, more than 145 countries are represented in the ICDE. ICDE works with institutions, companies, and governments from developing as well as developed countries. These systems represent distance learning provision on all continents of the world, in a very broad diversity of cultural and linguistic settings.
ICDE has the capacity to plan and implement small and large projects for putting in place new learning systems in developed as well as developing countries. ICDE also offers consultancy services to help governments, companies, universities, etc, make better decisions on planning new learning systems for the information society.
The governing body of ICDE is the Executive Committee. The ICDE has its permanent headquarters in Oslo, Norway, where the ICDE Head Office is located. Connected to this office, there is a network of local offices covering the world, which offer local administrative capacity and services.
For further information, please visit http://www.icde.org
The Standing Conference of Presidents (SCOP)
ICDE SCOP was established in 1993 as a unique forum for the Principals and Chief Executive Officers of ICDE member institutions. Participation in ICDE SCOP is by invitation only to institutional members of ICDE. Through its annual meetings and working programmes, SCOP offers unique opportunities for access to the latest developments and trends in distance and web-based teaching institutions around the world in areas such as policy, strategy, technology, innovations, management, quality assurance, and market approach.
SCOP is a closed forum of policy level decision-makers of ICDE member institutions for exchange of information, sharing of expertise, building co-operation, and establishing advocacy activities. It gives unique access to trans-national and global views, and to invaluable and detailed information about policy, strategic thinking and development in distance teaching around the world. It offers strong opportunities for exploring partnerships and strategic co-operation with other ICDE institutional members from all over the world. It also offers opportunities to participate in setting the international priorities and agenda for the future of distance learning.
On Monday, 02 April 2001, a meeting of SCOP will take place in conjunction with the 20th ICDE World Conference. The venue will be located in the Düsseldorf area.
An individual invitation will be sent in due time.
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Information on FernUniversität
The FernUniversität Hagen (University of Hagen), Germany, was founded in 1974 by act of State Parliament of North Rhine-Westphalia to provide distance higher education for students at home and abroad. Three main objectives had been set: - to make a contribution to the reform of university curricula and studies (Studienreform), - to develop and promote continuing education at university level (Wissenschaftliche Weiterbildung), and - to provide new university places and thus relieve other universities of an overflow of students (Kapazitätsentlastung).
The FernUniversität is the only distance teaching university in Germany and an integral part of the regular public higher education system. Academic autonomy, research and teaching activities, admission and examination requirements, final degrees conferred, doctorates, and procedures to qualify as a university teacher are fully in line with those of conventional universities. All professors are engaged in academic research and teaching activities.
The six faculties are: Business Administration and Economics; Computer Science; Education, Social Sciences and Humanities; Electrical Engineering; Law; and Mathematics. They are offering both university degree programmes (Diplom I, Diplom II, Magister Artium, B.A., B.Sc.; M.A., M.Sc. under preparation) and academic further education.
During the 25 years of its existence, the FernUniversität has developed to one of the largest universities in Germany. Currently over 58.000 students are enrolled at the FernUniversität. On the whole about 1.700 courses ("lectures") are offered for degree and postgraduate programmes as well as for further education and professional development. The language of instruction is mainly German but English is used increasingly (translation of existing and development of new courses and study programmes).
The FernUniversität is undergoing a rapid process in developing itself into a comprehensive "Virtual University" in which all its programmes, offers, and services can be accessed and used via the electronic information and communication technologies.
For further information on the FernUniversität:
URL: http://www.fernuni-hagen.de
E-mail: fernuni@fernuni-hagen.de
Fax: +49 23 31 987 316
Mail: D - 58084 Hagen, Germany
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Welcome to North Rhine-Westphalia
Wolfgang Clement
Prime Minister of North Rhine-Westphalia

"I welcome all the participants in the 20th ICDE World Conference in North Rhine-Westphalia, a state of science and media, with its unique FernUniversität."

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DÜSSELDORF - the Exciting City on the Rhine
It is the contrasts which make the capital city of North Rhine-Westphalia with its 570.00 inhabitants so special. Düsseldorf, a bustling, modern city, is a major centre of trade, commerce and services, and, above all, the city of fashion, shopping, and culture. It is located in the heart of the Rhine-Ruhr conurbation and in the centre of Europe. Düsseldorf and the surrounding region are home to 52 universities and numerous excellent and outstanding research institutes.
Between Rhenish conviviality and cosmopolitan charm, there exists a wealth of attractions worth being seen and experienced, a richly faceted spectrum...
... from the picturesque narrow lanes of the Altstadt, the old town, to the new Rhine embankment promenade and to the splendour of Königsallee, a true catwalk for the latest fashion trends ...
... from the small galleries and antique shops of the Karlstadt quarter with its elegantly restored architecture to the Kö-Galerie, one of the most elegant shopping malls in Europe ...
... from the delicately precious Roman glasses in the Kunstmuseum (art museum) to the treasures of contemporary paintings in the Kunstsammlung (art collection) NRW, to name just two of Düsseldorf's many museums, forming an 'art axis' that runs parallel to the Rhine ...
... from the German Opera on the Rhine to numerous theatres spread over the city and the newly established Media Mile in the old harbour area ...
... from one of the 260 cosy pubs in the Altstadt, the old town, and its `Altbier' to the three-star gourmet temple...
... from the ruins of Emperor Barbarossa's fortified castle at Kaiserswerth on the Rhine to the daintily ornate charm of the late-baroque Benrath Palace ...
... more would be worth to be mentioned - just come and see and enjoy Düsseldorf on the occasion of the 20th ICDE World Conference.
Please visit: http://www.duesseldorf.de
Düsseldorf is situated in the western part of Germany and linked to all major European and international cities by direct flights with various airlines.
The Düsseldorf Airport is located about 10 km north of Düsseldorf. From the airport to the city you may take an express train ("S-Bahn") or a taxi (duration of trip approx. 25 minutes).
Düsseldorf can also be reached via Frankfurt Airport in combination with a direct pleasant and touristic trip by train along the river Rhine with its famous castles and vineyards.
The central railway station (Hauptbahnhof) is directly located in the City Centre.
The local public transport company "Rheinbahn" operates a network covering more than 1.400 km, served by tram, bus, urban railway and subway routes. So, convenient, comfortable, and fast travel links between almost every hotel, the Congress Center Düsseldorf, the airport, and the central railway station (Hauptbahnhof) are guaranteed.
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The Conference Venue
The CCD. Congress Center Düsseldorf ...
... is one of the largest and most modern conference centres in Germany. It is situated north-west of the historic city centre on the banks of the river Rhine. The CCD. combines all conference events under one roof.
Address: CCD. Congress Center Düsseldorf, Stockumer Kirchstr. 61, 40474 Düsseldorf, Germany
City trains ("Stadtbahn") U 78 and U 79 take approximately 15 minutes from the central railway station (Hauptbahnhof) and the city centre to the CCD. The stop nearby the conference venue is called "Messe Ost / Stockumer Kirchstraße". You can also use the bus 772, with the stop "CCD. Süd" or "Stadthalle".
Conference participants will receive a public transportation pass upon registration which allows free use of all public transport in the Düsseldorf area.
The local currency is still the Deutsche Mark (DEM). [Coins and notes Euro (EUR) will be issued in 2002 only.] Foreign currency, traveller cheques, etc. may be changed into local currency in banks, hotels, travel agencies, and exchange outlets at train stations, airports, and the city centre. Cash machines for use of credit cards are available at many banks, at train stations and airports.
A self-service restaurant is located in the CCD. Congress Center Düsseldorf. There are several restaurants and snack-points located at walking distance in the vicinity of the CCD.
The confirmed speakers and presenters will be informed about the technical equipment available for their presentation/demonstration.
Those who want to make use of the Multimedia Lab and the Internet Café at the Congress Center Düsseldorf, outside of scheduled presentations in parallel sessions, are asked to contact the ICDE office in Oslo in order to reserve a time slot and to agree on the conditions (sivil@icde.no).
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The Registration Form must be used when registering for the conference, for hotel accommodation, for all inclusive flight arrangements, for booking of Pre- and Post-Conference Events, and for booking of tours for accompanying persons.
The Conference Registration Form together with the corresponding Payment in Euro (EUR) has to be forwarded to MONDIAL CONGRESS, the official Conference Management and Travel Agency
  • admission to all Official Sessions and Events
  • all Conference Publications
  • admission to the Exhibition
  • free Coffee/Tea during morning and afternoon breaks
  • Cocktail Reception on 01 April 2001
  • Public Transportation Pass for the Düsseldorf Area (to be issued at the Registration Desk).
The Conference Secretariat at the Congress Center Düsseldorf will be open during the following hours for on-site registration and any inquiries:
Sunday, 01 April 2001 from 14:00 until 21:00
Monday to Wednesday, 02 - 04 April 2001 from 08:00 until 18:30
Thursday, 05 April 2001 from 08:00 until 14:00
15 January 2001**
15 January 2001
ICDE Members only EUR 640 (USD 545*) EUR 690 (USD 590*)
General Registration EUR 700 (USD 595*) EUR 750 (USD 640*)
(please provide verification and copy of ID-card)
EUR 240 (USD 204*) EUR 240 (USD 204*)
Above rates are inclusive of VAT (Value Added Tax)
Based on exchange rate EURO - USD: 0,85 as per Oct. 2000
**  Registration form and payment must be received by Mondial Congress by 15 January 2001 at the latest.
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Hotel Accommodation
MONDIAL CONGRESS has secured a sufficient number of rooms in four different price categories for all persons attending the conference, arriving on 31 March or 01 April 2001 and departing on 05 April 2001.
Please use the Registration Form.
In order to be able to guarantee your hotel reservation, we kindly ask you to provide us with the requested deposit per room. Room rates are indicated per room and night and include service, all taxes, and breakfast. Room rates are quoted in Euro (EUR). Your hotel reservation will be confirmed upon receiving your accommodation form, specifying the arrival and departure date and the type of room required together with the above mentioned deposit per room. Should the desired hotel no longer be available, we will do our utmost to offer similar accommodation. This may, however, mean a change of price category.
The hotel voucher will be sent to you after receipt of the deposit, approximately 2 weeks before the beginning of the conference. The balance between the value of the voucher and your total invoice at the hotel must be settled directly with the hotel.
The number of overnights booked will serve as a basis for the hotel invoice!
Any bank charges will be deducted from your hotel deposit.
Price categories and room rates

Rates are based on 2000.

Category Single room/night Double room/night Room deposit













70- 80


85- 95




50- 70


75- 85



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All Inclusive Flight Arrangements
MONDIAL CONGRESS in co-operation with STAR ALLIANCE and other IATA carriers is in a position to offer very attractive all-inclusive flight arrangements to the participants in this conference.
These arrangements include the following services per person: roundtrip economy class on regular flights, 20 kg (44 lbs) baggage allowance, 5 nights accommodation at hotels in price category *****, **** or *** in double rooms with private bath or shower, WC, breakfast, service charges, local taxes and transfer from the airport to the hotel and vice versa. Airport-taxes are not included. For passengers travelling alone, the single room supplement as indicated below is applicable. Examples are presented in the opposite table.
MONDIAL CONGRESS will be pleased to make individual offers for other destinations, hotels, and other travel dates upon request.
If you are travelling via Frankfurt Airport a combination with a direct trip by train to Düsseldorf can be offered upon request.
All rates are quoted per person in Euro (EUR) and based on October 2000 (Prices are subject to changes without notice). No changes are possible after tickets have been issued! Please note that full prepayment has to be effected before the flight ticket(s) can be issued.
Offers are subject to availability
Arrival in Düsseldorf: Saturday, 31 March 2001
Departure from Düsseldorf: Thursday, 05 April 2001
Departure from ***** **** ***
Amsterdam EUR 1027           EUR 927          EUR 752
Athens  EUR 1239     EUR 1139     EUR 964
Barcelona     EUR 1259     EUR 1159     EUR 984
Berlin     EUR 997     EUR 897     EUR 722
Brussels EUR 1016     EUR 916     EUR 741
Frankfurt EUR 1023     EUR 923     EUR 748
Hong Kong EUR 4520     EUR 4420     EUR 4245
London EUR 1077     EUR 977     EUR 802
Madrid     EUR 1514     EUR 1414     EUR 1239
Montreal  EUR 3006     EUR 2906     EUR 2731
Oslo  EUR 1370     EUR 1270     EUR 1095
Paris      EUR 1181     EUR 1081     EUR 906
Rome      EUR 1540     EUR 1440     EUR 1265
Stockholm  EUR 1351     EUR 125     EUR 1076
Sydney      EUR 3476     EUR 3376     EUR 3201
Warsaw  EUR 1195     EUR 1095     EUR 920
Vienna     EUR 1404     EUR 1304     EUR 1129
Single supplement for 5 nights: EUR 325     EUR 250     EUR 163
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Terms of Payment
All payments are requested to be made in Euro (EUR) only. Collective remittances have to be accompanied by a list of names and details of payment for each person.
Payment should be made in advance by one of the following means:
  • via Bank transfer to the MONDIAL CONGRESS ACCOUNT "ICDE" till 23 March 2001 at the latest, account number 150-108-279/00 with Bank Austria AG, Am Hof, A-1010 Vienna, Austria, bank code 12000, marked free of charge for the beneficiary/MONDIAL CONGRESS (otherwise bank fees will be at your charge);
  • by Credit Card (American Express, Visa, Eurocard/Mastercard, Diners Club). Please refer to the registration form for more details.
After the processing of your Conference Registration and the banking of your payment you will receive a confirmation and further details from the Conference Management.
All bank charges will be at the expense of the person making the payment and deducted from the total payment made.
If payments are transferred after 01 March 2001, a copy of the transfer must be presented as proof of payment, or payment will have to be made on-site.
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Cancellation Policy
All cancellations must be in writing and addressed to the Conference Management:
Mondial Congress
Faulmanngasse 4
A-1040 Vienna, Austria
Fax: +43 1 586 91 85
e-mail: icde@mondial.at
Written cancellations received by 15 January 2001 will receive full refund less an EUR 40 charge.
Written cancellations received by 01 March 2001 will receive a 50% refund.
Written cancellations received after 01 March 2001 will not be refunded.
Written cancellations received before 20 December 2000 will be granted a full refund minus a handling fee of EUR 40 per booking.
For cancellations received after 20 December 2000, respectively "no-shows", the deposit will be forfeited.
No refunds can be made after 01 March 2001, respectively after tickets have been issued. Tickets can only be issued after full pre-payment has been received.
If a tour will have to be cancelled due to insufficient interest or unforeseen reasons, a full refund will be granted.
In case of "no-show", no refund will be given under any circumstances.
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Passports and Visas
Passport holders from Western Europe, North America and Australia do not require a visa to enter Germany.
For some nationalities visas can be issued at the Düsseldorf Airport upon arrival. All others will have to contact the German Embassy or consulate in their home country for detailed information. If necessary, an official invitation letter can be obtained from the Conference Management.
Please be aware that in some countries visa applications can take up to several months!
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ICDE is unfortunately not in the position to offer grants to participants.
You are kindly requested to contact your national authorities and foundations for financial support or to apply to other authorities and foundations providing grants for your country on a general or a trans-national basis.
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Conference Sponsorship / Promotional Opportunites
The conference offers a number of opportunities for promotion and sponsoring.
If your organization, institution, or company is interested in benefiting from the promotional opportunities or in sponsoring the Conference or one of its events, please contact the Conference Organizer.
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The Weather in Germany
April is the beginning of spring in Germany. But there is a German proverb saying „Der April, der April, der macht, was er will" („The April, the April, does whatever it likes to do"); and we are talking about a real `April weather' at that time of the year. That means that it is very difficult to venture a reliable weather forecast for the time when the 20th ICDE World Conference will take place in Düsseldorf. It might be cold and rainy like in autumn, we even might have some snow like in winter, but it might as well be very sunny and rather warm like in spring. So we would like to advise you to bring clothes for all weather conditions and, please, do not forget to take an umbrella with you...and your sun-glasses.
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Tours for Accompanying Persons
"City Tour of ancient Düsseldorf (Kaiserswerth)"
Monday, 02 April 2001
Discover the ancient Düsseldorf during this stroll within the district Kaiserswerth, which has saved its picturesque image and its unique atmosphere for centuries. Admire the relicts of the imperial palace of the emperor Barbarossa, the baroque buildings on the old market square, the basilica St. Suitbertus of the 11th century and the "Rheinpromenade" enjoying a marvellous view over the typical "landscape of Niederrhein".
Departure: 09:00
Duration: approx. 3 hours
Price per person including guide EUR 30
"Famous Women of Düsseldorf from the 16th to the 20th Century"

Monday, 02 April 2001
Immerse into fate and fortune of famous women of Düsseldorf from the 16th to the 20th century when joining this tour. Get to know the everyday life and expected behaviour of a woman throughout the centuries …
Jacobe von Baden, Anna Maria Luisa de Medici, Clara Schumann …
A tour not only for women.
Departure: 14:00
Duration: approx. 3 hours
Price per person including guide EUR 23
"Historical Churches in the City Center"

Tuesday, 03 April 2001
Discover the marvellous churches in the city centre of Düsseldorf, art treasures of seven centuries and architectural jewels.
Don't forget to ask your guide about the lopsided church spire of the collegiate church St. Lambertus, which made it to the symbol of the city …(and which is part of the cover picture).
Departure: 09:00
Duration: approx. 3 hours
Price per person including guide EUR 17

Tuesday, 03 April 2001
Heinrich Heine, the famous German writer, was born in 1797 in Düsseldorf. Discover the places of the childhood of little Harry in the city centre of Düsseldorf and follow his trail.
Departure: 14:00
Duration: approx. 3 hours
Price per person including guide EUR 23
"Guided walk through the Media-Mile"

Wednesday, 04 April 2001
An area of 37 acres in Düsseldorf's former main harbour is being converted into a modern location for the media, fashion, design, art, and advertising. In spite of all the innovations, the harbour flair still can be felt everywhere. Enjoy this interesting combination of old and new, of ancient and modern, of past and future.
Departure: 09:00
Duration: approx. 3 hours
Price per person including guide EUR 23
Note: A minimum of 25 persons is required for each of the optional excursions.
Should there be insufficient interest refunds will be made during the conference at the conference venue.
Tours are subject to changes.
All tours are in English only.
Additional tours might be offered on site.
For theatre- or concert tickets please contact MONDIAL CONGRESS directly.
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Post-Conference Tours
05 - 08 April 2001
05 April 2001
On our trip to Amsterdam, the capital of the Netherlands, we will make a stop in the charming village Amersfoort, with its 700-year-old picturesque centre and its famous market square. Amersfoort is situated right in the middle of the Netherlands. After having checked in at the characteristic Hotel Amersfoort on top of the "Amersfoort Mountain", dinner will be served in the hotel or a charming restaurant.
06 April 2001
After breakfast we are going to be picked up by our guide to leave for Utrecht and Amsterdam. After a city walk through Utrecht we will continue to Amsterdam where a short sight seeing tour will give a first impression of the "Venice of the North" with its famous network of canals and more than 1000 bridges. After lunch in a nice restaurant you will get to know the history around Hajenius, one of the most famous European brands of cigars, and you will have the opportunity to take part in a short "cigar-workshop". Afterwards we will go to the Novotel Amsterdam, a 4* hotel, and check in.
07 April 2001
The third day of our trip is dedicated to the unique and world known Rijksmuseum of Amsterdam where we are going to carry out a "painting's ralley". The museum houses above all several paintings of the 17th century and shows famous works of artists like Rembrandt, Frans Hals, Jan Steen, and Jacob Ruysdaal. Apart from paintings there are also sculptures, silver, furniture, glass, Asian art, and an impressing department on history of the Netherlands to be admired.
Afterwards the coach is taking us to the city centre again _ the afternoon is at your free disposal and might be used for some shopping, private sightseeing of the "Jordaan-district" for example or just for relaxation.
08 April 2001
A roundtrip on Amsterdam's canals on a private boat will allow us to admire the characteristic architecture of the 17th and 18th century, the marvellous houses of the ancient patrician traders. Before the numbering of the houses was introduced by Napoleon, the colour of their stones and the shape of their gables were the only possibility to distinguish them from each other. After a refreshment with coffee and cake we will continue to Gassan Diamonds, one of Amsterdam's most important diamond grinding shops, where you can watch the transformation of an inconspicuous stone to a glittering diamond and enjoy an exclusive "Diamond Cocktail".
In one glass a real diamond will be hiding, who's glass will it be???
After this exciting morning we will be taken to a nice restaurant for lunch and leave for Düsseldorf again afterwards.
Departure: 05 April 2001, 14:00
Meeting point: Central Railway Station (Hauptbahnhof) Düsseldorf, Worringer Straße
Price per person including bus, guide, admission fees and accommodation
in a **** hotel (double-room) with breakfast EUR 600
Extra charge for single room EUR 140
Mondial Congress reserves the right to cancel the tour, if the minimum number of 25 participants should not be reached. The tour is subject to change!
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Contacts & General Information
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Helmut Hoyer
Rektor FernUniversität Hagen, Germany
For all items and correspondence concerning the scientific programme of the 20th ICDE World Conference (D-2001) please contact:
D-2001 Office
Feithstr. 142/TGZ
D-58084 Hagen, Germany
phone: +49 23 31 987 381
fax: +49 23 31 987 382
e-mail: D-2001@fernuni-hagen.de
Friedhelm (Fred) Nickolmann;
Andrea Anhold; Sabine Haake
International Council for Open and Distance Education (ICDE)
Gjerdrums vei 12
N-0484 Oslo, Norway
phone: +47 22 02 81 70
fax: +47 22 02 81 61
e-mail: icde@icde.no
Ana Perona Fjeldstad

Reidar Roll
Secretary General and CEO of ICDE

All registration forms, payments, and other correspondence regarding logistics for the 20th ICDE World Conference should be addressed to:
Mondial Congress Faulmanngasse 4
A-1040 Vienna, Austria
phone: +43 1 58 80 40
fax: +43 1 586 91 85
e-mail: icde@mondial.at

CCD. Congress Center Düsseldorf GmbH
Stockumer Kirchstr. 61
D-40474 Düsseldorf
phone: +49 211 45 60 84 02
fax: +49 211 45 60 87 84 02
e-mail: KrinsT@ccd.de

CCD. Congress Center Düsseldorf GmbH
Stockumer Kirchstr. 61
D-40474 Düsseldorf, Germany
In order to receive updated information by e-mail automatically, you may add your e-mail address to a mailing list maintained by the D-2001 Office in Hagen, Germany. Please send an e-mail to the following address:


and write in the e-mail body the following text:

SUBSCRIBE D-2001 your e-mail address

(your e-mail address means to type in the e-mail address through which you want to receive information on the conference).

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Co-operating regional and national organizations
AAOU (Asian Association of Open Universities)
ABED (Brazilian Association for Distance Education)
ADEC (American Distance Education Consortium, USA)
AIE (Association of International Education, Russia)
AIESAD (Ibero American Association of Distance Higher Education)
CAMPO          (Italian Association for the Development of Multimedia, New Technologies, and Flexible Learning Systems)
DAOU  (Danish Association of Open Universities)
EADL (European Association for Distance Learning)
EADTU (European Association of Distance Teaching Universities)
EDEN (European Distance Education Network)
E.F.ODL  (European Federation of Open Distance Learning)
EUCEN (European University Continuing Education Network)
EuroPACE 2000
European SchoolNet
FADE (Finnish Association for Distance Education)
NADE (Norwegian Association for Distance Education)
ODLAA  (Open and Distance Learning Association of Australia)
SADE (Swedish Association for Distance Education)
UCEA  (University Continuing Education Association, USA)
WICHE (Western Cooperative for Educational Telecommunications, USA)
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Sponsors & Partners

Main Partner:
FernUniversität Hagen, Germany

The Open University,
United Kingdom

Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Spain

Federal Ministry for Education and Research; Germany

Ministry for Schools, Science and Research of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia
Royal Ministry of Education, Research and Church Affairs, Norway

South East Asia Ministers of Education Organization (SEAMEO)

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

The World Bank
Sponsoring Companies:
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Ernst Klett Verlag
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ILS Institut für Lernsysteme
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Private FernFachhochschule Darmstadt

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sgd Studiengemeinschaft Darmstadt


Viviance new education

Deutsche Bank AG


Deutsche Telekom AG

Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft


Douglas Holding AG

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The International Programme Committee

Chair: Hoyer, Helmut; FernUniversität; Germany

Abrioux, Dominique; Athabasca University; Canada
Africa, Hugh P.; Vista University; South Africa
Allen, Nicholas H.; University of Maryland University College; USA
Alsunbul, Abdulaziz; ALECSO; Tunisia
Ask, Bodil; Agder University College; Norway
Auban, Anne; Université Paris VI; France

Aubert, Guy; CNED; France
Badersten, Lennart; Lund University; Sweden

Baïssus, Jean-Marie; Université Montpellier III; France
Bancroft, Dennis; National Distance Education Center; Ireland
Bang, Joergen B.; Aarhus University; Denmark
Bernath, Ulrich; Universität Oldenburg; Germany
Bø, Ingeborg; Norwegian Association for Distance Education; Norway
Bregar, Lea; University of Ljubljana; Slovenia
Brihault, Jean; Université Rennes 2; France
Broad, Molly C.; ICDE President; University of North Carolina; USA
Buitendacht, Atti J.H.; Technikon; South Africa
Bureau, Marquis L.; MBureau Consultants; Canada
Carr, Ronnie; The Open University; Hong Kong, SAR; China
Cazes, Alain; CNAM; France
Collan, Seppo; University of Oulu; Finland
Curran, Chris S.; Dublin City University; Ireland
Deiser, Roland; International Consulting and Research; USA/Germany
Dieckmann, Heinrich; Studiengemeinschaft Darmstadt; Germany
Ding, Xingfu; China Central Radio and TV University; China
Dondi, Claudio; SCIENTER; Italy
Dzvimbo, Kuzvinetsd P.; Open University; Zimbabwe
Encarnação, José L.; Fraunhofer-Institut; Germany
Ferraté i Pascual, Gabriel; Universitat Oberta de Catalunya; Spain
Ferro Tavares, Maria José; Universidade Aberta; Portugal
Galabov, Boris; National Centre of Distance Education; Bulgaria
Garito, Maria Amata; NETTUNO; Italy
Göhner, Peter; Universität Stuttgart; Germany
Grementieri, Valerio; Associazione CAMPO; Italy
Grünwald, Kurt; Fernstudien Schweiz; Switzerland
Guillard, Christiane; Fédérat. Interunivers. d'Enseignem. à Distance; France
Hall, James W.; Antioch University; USA
Hardy, David; The Open Learning Foundation; United Kingdom
Huang, Qingyun; Shanghai TV University; China
Huba, Mikuláš; University of Technology in Bratislava; Slovakia
Inglis, Alistair; RMIT University; Australia
Ivannikov, Alexander; St. Res. Inst. of Inform. Techn. and Telecom.; Russia
Iversen, Kjell Ivar; Lillehammer University College; Norway
Jegede, Olugbemiro; The Open University; Hong Kong SAR; China
Johnsen, Berit; Competence Netw. Norw. Bus. & Ind.; Norway
Källbäck, Bengt; Technical Education & Training, Ericsson Research; Sweden
Kanwar, Asha S.; Indira Gandhi National Open University; India
Kerkeslager, Ellwood R.; Information Futures, LLC; USA
King, Bruce S.; University of South Australia; Australia
Kirkwood, Jannette; University of Southern Queensland; Australia
Kohl, Kay J.; University Continuing Education Association; USA
Krane, Anne Grethe M.; NKS Distance Education; Norway
Landfried, Klaus; Hochschulrektorenkonferenz; Germany
Litto, Fredric M.; Brazilian Association for Distance Education; Brazil
Logan, Suzanne; Texas Tech University; USA
Loing, Bernard J.M.; CANAL EF; France
Lundquist, Janerik E.; Swedish Assoc. for Distance Education; Sweden
MacIntyre, Donald J.; Learning Strategies International; USA
Markkula, Markku A.; Finnish Parliament; Finland
Mena, Marta; University of Buenos Aires; Argentina
Miller, Gary; The Pennsylvania State University; USA
Miranda Justiniani, Antonio; University of Havana; Cuba
Mitchell, Betty E.; Canadian Association for Distance Education; Canada
Mitra, Amitava; NIIT Inc.; USA
Montalvo, Jaime; Universidad Nat. de Educación a Distancia; Spain
Moreno Castañeda, Manuel; Universidad de Guadalajara; Mexico
Müller-Böling, Detlef; Centrum für Hochschulentwicklung; Germany
Padolina, Cristina D.; The Open University; Philippines
Palank, Franz; Zentrum für Fernstudien; Austria
Parra de Marroquín; Omayra; Centro Universidad Abierta; Colombia
Paulsen, Morten F.; NKI Distance Education; Norway
Penttilä, Eeva; Helsinki City Education Department; Finland
Peters, Geoff; The Open University; United Kingdom
Peters, Otto; FernUniversität; Germany
Poley, Janet K.; American Distance Education Consortium; USA
Popa, Ioan; Ministry of Education; Romania
Prebble, Tom K.; Massey University; New Zealand
Provost, Guy; Fonds FCAR; Canada
Racha-Intra, Suparak; SEAMEO
Reil, Thomas; Hochschulrektorenkonferenz; Germany
Reznick, Marilyn; AT&T Foundation; USA
Rich, David; Macquarie University; Australia
Rocha Trindade, Armando; Universidade Aberta; Portugal
Roll, Reidar; ICDE
Sadiman, Arief S.; SEAMOLEC; Indonesia
Sakamoto, Takashi; National Institute of Multimedia Education; Japan
Schachtsiek, Bernd; European Association for Distance Learning
Schennikov, Sergey A.; International Institute of Management LINK; Russia
Seddoh, Komlavi F.; UNESCO
Sets'abi, Anthony M.; DEASA; Lesotho
Sewart, David; The Open University; United Kingdom
Silin, Nikolay; National Training Foundation; Russia
Skouratov, Alexei; Association for International Education; Russia
Soboleva, Natalia; Physicon; Russia
Soeiro, Alfredo; University of Porto; Portugal
Soukhareva, Natalia; Moscow Lomonosov State University; Russia
Stargardter, Steven A.; City University Seattle; USA
Szabó, István; National Council for Distance Education; Hungary
Tait, Alan W.; Open University; United Kingdom
Tam, Sheung Wai; The Open University; Hong Kong, SAR; China
Taylor, James C.; University of Southern Queensland; Australia
Tikhomirov, Vladimir P.; Moscow St. Univ. of Economics; Russia
Toska, Jan A.; Norw. Executive Board for Dist. Educ.; Norway
Tsikin, Igor; St. Petersburg State Technical University; Russia
Tuinman, Jaap; Open Learning Agency; Canada
Unger, Claus; FernUniversität; Germany
van Heddegem, Johan P.L.; Leuven University; Belgium
van Oost, Johan; European Federation of ODL; Belgium
van der Perre, Georges; EuroPACE 2000
Vassilieva, Irina; Yaroslavl Regional Distance Learning Center; Russia
Vauthier, Jacques P.; Edufrance; France
Venkatarangan, Lalpet B.; Annamalai University; India
Vennemann, Michael; Zentralstelle für Fernunterricht; Germany
Vilu, Raivo; Tallinn Technical University; Estonia
Wagner, Erwin; EDEN
Warren, Peter; University of Denver; USA
Watanabe, Moriaki; The University of the Air; Japan
Weiss, Reinhold; Institut der Deutschen Wirtschaft Köln; Germany
Wijngaards, Guus; European Schoolnet
Wong, Tat Meng; The Open University; Hong Kong, SAR; China
Yoshikawa, Hiroyuki; The University of the Air; Japan
Zagmajster, Margerita; Nat. Contact Point for Distance Education; Slovenia
Zlatuska, Jiri; Masaryk University; Czechia

(September 2000)

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Editor: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Helmut Hoyer
- Scientific Programme Chair of the 20th ICDE World Conference,
Rektor FernUniversität Hagen, Germany
Editorial Support: Friedhelm (Fred) Nickolmann, Andrea Anhold - D-2001 Office
Print-Design: FernUniversität, Dez. 4.2 Medienproduktion
Web-Design: Interactive World MediaSystems GmbH
© ICDE, Oslo, Norway, and FernUniversität, Hagen, Germany; Nov. 2000

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