Präsenzseminar „Factor Flows in Globalization“ (Sommersemester 2017)

Veranstal­tungs­semester: Sommersemester 2017
Prüfer: Univ.-Prof. Dr. Hans-Jörg Schmerer
Prüfungs­fächer: Allgemeine Volkswirtschaftslehre, Volkswirtschaftstheorie, Volkswirtschaftspolitik, Allgemeine Betriebswirtschaftslehre
Titel: Deglobalisierung: Vorübergehendes Phänomen oder langfristiger Trend?
Termin: 22.06.2017 - 23.06.2017
Veranstal­tungs­ort: Regionalzentrum Hamburg
Abgabetermin der schrift. Ausarbeitung: 31.08.2017
Vorbesprechung: Eine Vorbesprechung findet im Rahmen einer Einführungsveranstaltung am 06.05.2017 statt
Ansprech­partner/-innen: Herr Prof. Dr. Schmerer
Frau Trump
Teil­nahme­voraus­setzung: Bitte beachten Sie die Hinweise der Fakultät für Wirtschafts­wissenschaft.

Ablauf des Seminars

Die Liste mit den zur Auswahl stehenden Themen und eine englische Zusammenfassung des jeweiligen Themas finden Sie im letzten Abschnitt dieser Übersicht.

Bei der Auswahl der Teilnehmerinnen und Teilnehmer richten wir uns nach den üblichen Auswahlkriterien der wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der FernUniversität Hagen.

Die Vorbesprechung findet im Rahmen einer Einführungsveranstaltung statt. Die Teilnahme an dieser Veranstaltung wird ausdrücklich empfohlen, ist allerdings nicht verpflichtend.

Das eigentliche Seminar findet vom 22.06.2017 - 23.06.2017 im Regionalzentrum Hamburg statt. Alle Teilnehmerinnen und Teilnehmer müssen das zugeteilte Thema im Seminar präsentieren und es besteht Anwesenheitspflicht für beide Termine. Im Anschluss an die Präsentation erfolgt eine Diskussion der präsentierten Ergebnisse.

Es besteht dann die Möglichkeit, das Feedback in die endgültige Version der Seminararbeit einzuarbeiten. Die finale Fassung der Arbeit ist dem Lehrstuhl spätestens bis zum 31.08.2017 vorzulegen.

Themenübersicht

Thema 1: Understanding world trade patterns

This thematic block deals with the empirical determinants of trade flows. Most studies listed here use the gravity equation to detect the role of several important factors in shaping the pattern of world trade. Those factors include, among others, a country’s institutional quality, tariffs and other trade costs in historical perspective, as well as cultural and colonial links among pairs of countries.

Literatur

  • Anderson, J. E., and Van Wincoop, E. (2001) "Gravity with gravitas: a solution to the border puzzle", NBER Working Paper No. 8079.
  • Anderson, J. and Marcouiller, D. (2002). Insecurity and the Pattern of Trade: An Empirical Investigation. Review of Economics and Statistics, 84(2), 342-352.
  • Debaere, P., and Mostashari, S. (2010). Do tariffs matter for the extensive margin of international trade? An empirical analysis. Journal of International Economics, 81(2), 163-169.
  • Head, K., Mayer, T., and Ries, J. (2010). The erosion of colonial trade linkages after independence. Journal of International Economics, 81(1), 1-14.
  • Helpman, E., Melitz, M., and Rubinstein, Y. (2007). Estimating trade flows: Trading partners and trading volumes. NBER Working Paper No. 12927.
  • Jacks, D. S., Meissner, C. M., and Novy, D. (2011). Trade booms, trade busts, and trade costs. Journal of International Economics, 83(2), 185-201.
  • McCallum, J. (1995). National borders matter: Canada-US regional trade patterns. The American Economic Review, 85(3), 615-623.

Thema 2: Determinants and consequences of FDI

This thematic block deals with the driving forces and economic outcomes of foreign direct investments. As to the determinants, the institutional environment and skill endowment of the receiving country seems to play a major role as an attractor of FDI. As far as the consequences are concerned, the main focus is on whether foreign capital may help boost firm productivity and growth in the host countries, e.g. through the transfer of more advanced technology.

Literatur

  • Chen, W. (2011) "The effect of investor origin on firm performance: Domestic and foreign direct investment in the United States", Journal of International Economics, 83(2), 219-228.
  • Cheung, Y. W., De Haan, J., Qian, X., and Yu, S. (2012) "China's outward direct investment in Africa", Review of International Economics, 20(2), 201-220.
  • Fernandes, A. M., and Paunov, C. (2012) "Foreign direct investment in services and manufacturing productivity: Evidence for Chile", Journal of Development Economics, 97(2), 305-321.
  • Harding, T., and Javorcik, B. S. (2011) "Roll Out the Red Carpet and They Will Come: Investment Promotion and FDI Inflows", The Economic Journal, 121(557), 1445-1476.
  • Kimura, H., and Todo, Y. (2010) "Is foreign aid a vanguard of foreign direct investment? A gravity-equation approach", World Development, 38(4), 482-497.
  • Javorcik, B. S., and Spatareanu, M. (2011) "Does it matter where you come from? Vertical spillovers from foreign direct investment and the origin of investors", Journal of Development Economics, 96(1), 126-138.
  • Yeaple, S. R. (2003) "The role of skill endowments in the structure of US outward foreign direct investment", Review of Economics and Statistics, 85(3), 726-734.

Thema 3: Understanding international migration flows

The literature contained in this thematic block examines several issues concerning migration flows. Besides analyzing the role of traditional push and pull factors, e.g. income differences, geographic factors and language similarities, and the change in their relative importance over time, the focus is also on the determinants of the skill-composition of migration. This is particularly relevant from a policy perspective, given the problems of skill-shortages that most industrialized countries are facing at the moment. Finally, the economic impact of high-skilled emigration on the source countries is at the core of the “Brain Drain” literature, which highlights the winners and losers in the world competition for talents.

Literatur

  • Beine, M., Docquier, F., and Özden, Ç. (2011) Diasporas. Journal of Development Economics, 95(1), 30-41.
  • Beine, M., Docquier, F., and Rapoport, H. (2001) Brain drain and economic growth: theory and evidence. Journal of Development Economics, 64(1), 275-289.
  • Beine, M., Docquier, F., and Rapoport, H. (2008) Brain drain and human capital formation in developing countries: winners and losers. The Economic Journal, 118(528), 631-652.
  • Belot, M. V., and Hatton, T. J. (2012) Immigrant selection in the OECD. The Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 114(4), 1105-1128.
  • Grogger, J., and Hanson, G. H. (2011) Income maximization and the selection and sorting of international migrants. Journal of Development Economics, 95(1), 42-57.
  • Hatton, T. J., and Williamson, J. G. (2002) What fundamentals drive world migration? NBER Working Paper No. 9159.
  • Pedersen, P. J., Pytlikova, M., and Smith, N. (2008) Selection and network effects—Migration flows into OECD countries 1990–2000. European Economic Review, 52(7), 1160-1186.

Thema 4: The Economics of Remittances

It has been often argued that one of the ways developing countries can benefit from the emigration of part of their workforce is through the remittances that the migrants send back to their home countries. What are the individual motives to remit and do remittances really help improve the situation of those left behind? The articles contained in this thematic block deal with those issues. Using case studies, this literature documents the effects of remittances on economic growth as well as on some indicators of a country’s development, such as health and education.

Literatur

  • Bollard, A., McKenzie, D., Morten, M., and Rapoport, H. (2011) "Remittances and the brain drain revisited: the microdata show that more educated migrants remit more", The World Bank Economic Review, 25(1), 132-156.
  • Giuliano, P., and Ruiz-Arranz, M. (2009) "Remittances, financial development, and growth", Journal of Development Economics, 90(1), 144-152.
  • Amuedo-Dorantes, C., and Pozo, S. (2004) "Workers' remittances and the real exchange rate: a paradox of gifts", World Development, 32(8), 1407-1417.
  • Cox Edwards, A., and Ureta, M. (2003) "International migration, remittances and schooling: evidence from El Salvador", Journal of Development Economics, 72(2): 429–461.
  • Dustmann, C., and Mestres, J. (2010) "Remittances and temporary migration", Journal of Development Economics, 92(1), 62-70.
  • Hildebrandt, N., McKenzie, D. J., Esquivel, G., and Schargrodsky, E. (2005) "The effects of migration on child health in Mexico", Economia, 6(1), 257-289.
  • McKenzie, D., and Rapoport, H. (2007) "Network effects and the dynamics of migration and inequality: theory and evidence from Mexico", Journal of Development Economics, 84(1), 1-24.

Thema 5: Interactions among migration, FDI and Trade

This thematic block focuses on the link among international migration, FDI and Trade. The main hypothesis underlying this literature is that the immigrant community may influence consumers’ preferences and trade costs in the destination country so as to shape its patterns of trade and capital flows. Most results seem to hint that a country may benefit from the pool of immigrants residing within its borders in as much as they help strengthen the economic links between their home and host countries.

Literatur

  • Aleksynska, M., and Peri, G. (2014) "Isolating the network effect of immigrants on trade", The World Economy, 37(3), 434-455.
  • Aroca, P., and Maloney, F. W (2005) "Migration, trade, and foreign direct investment in Mexico", The World Bank Economic Review, 19(3), 449-472.
  • Buch, C. M., Kleinert, J. and Toubal, F. (2006) "Where enterprises lead, people follow? Links between migration and FDI in Germany", European Economic Review, 50(8), 2017-2036.
  • Dunlevy, J. A., and Hutchinson, W. K. (1999) "The impact of immigration on American import trade in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries", The Journal of Economic History, 59(4), 1043-1062.
  • Gould, D. M. (1994) "Immigrant links to the home country: empirical implications for US bilateral trade flows", The Review of Economics and Statistics, 76(2), 302-316.
  • Javorcik, B. S., Özden, Ç., Spatareanu, M., and Neagu, C. (2011) "Migrant networks and foreign direct investment", Journal of Development Economics, 94(2), 231-241.

Thema 6: The Economics of Refugee and Asylum Seekers Migration

The migration literature recognizes that a seriously conducted economic analysis of migration should take into account the vast heterogeneity in the group of immigrants. There are, for instance, several gender and skill differences in the determinants and consequences of migration. A vast and interesting body of literature focuses on asylum seekers and refugees and the distinctive features of this group of immigrants as compared to pure economic immigrants. The scientific works which compose this thematic block deal with several aspects of refugee and asylum seekers migration, from the design of effective asylum seekers/refugees migration policies to their labor market integration in the host countries.

Literatur

  • Aimee C., Cortes, K.E. (2015) "The Refugee/Asylum Seeker", In: Chiswick, B.R. and Miller, P.W. Editor(s), Handbook of the Economics of International Migration, North-Holland, Volume 1, Pages 585-658, Chapter 12.
  • Bubb, R., Kremer, M., Levine, D.I. (2011) "The economics of international refugee law", Journal of Legal Studies, 40 (2), 367–404.
  • Cortes, K.E. (2004) "Are refugees different from economic immigrants? Some empirical evidence on the heterogeneity of immigrant groups in the United States", Review of Economics and Statistics, 86 (2), 465–480.
  • Damm, A.P. (2009a) "Ethnic enclaves and immigrant labor market outcomes: Quasi-experimental evidence" Journal of Labor Economics, 27 (2), 281–314.
  • Facchini, G., Lorz, O., Willmann, G. (2006) "Asylum seekers in Europe: The warm glow of a hot potato", Journal of Population Economics, 19 (2), 411–430.
  • Hatton, T.J. (2009) "The rise and fall of asylum: What happened and why", Economic Journal, 119, pp. 183–213.

Hinweise für die Anfertigung der Hausarbeit

Bei der Erstellung der Seminararbeit können Sie sich nach folgenden Anweisungen richten:

Hinweise zur Erstellung von wissenschaftlichen Arbeiten (DOC 194 KB)

Antonia Reinecke | 08.04.2019