Handbook of European Constitutional History in the 19th Century

Bild: Werner Daum

About the Projekt

The “Handbook of European Constitutional History in the 19th Century” and the accompanying CD-Rom “Sources to European Constitutional History in the 19th Century” are pursuing the edition, analysis, interpretation and the systematically comparing presentation of constitutional and legislative acts of the European countries during the “long 19th century” (ca. 1780-1920) which are significant in national and European respects.

An additional handbook series on the 20th century is part of the project.


Contact

Dr. Werner Daum

Tel.: +49 721 93380-990
E-Mail: werner.daum
Homepage

Dr. phil., born in 1961, 2006-2012 postdoctoral research fellow at the Institute of German and European History of the University of Hagen, since autumn 2012 director of the Regional University Center of Karlsruhe (Fernuniversität in Hagen), publications on European, especially Italian constitutional history of the long 19th century as well as on Italian history of media and public sphere in the early 19th century.


Conception

  • The “Handbook of European Constitutional History in the 19th Century” and the accompanying CD-Rom “Sources to European Constitutional History in the 19th Century” are pursuing the edition, analysis, interpretation and the systematically comparing presentation of constitutional and legislative acts of the European countries during the “long 19th century” (ca. 1780-1920) which are significant in national and European respects. The combination of various methodical approaches and ways of depiction, which is characteristic for the project, enhances the accentuation of internationally spreading perspectives as well as the development and usage of an empirical concept of constitution. The creation of the handbook is connected with the expectation to accompany the common perception of the 19th century as an era of national fragmentation with the facts of European connecting lines that exist parallel and contemporaneously, and thus to make use of scientific approaches that were developed by Otto Hintze with his concept of a “General Comparative Constitutional History”.

    The handbook- and editorial project thus combines documentation and analytic depiction. With its outlining and conception, it ensures an extensive comparability of the constitutional development on the European continent (including the Ottoman Empire), and it is orientated according to an expanded and empirical concept of constitution which takes social structures into account as well as it includes the confrontation of constitutional standards and constitutional realities in its depiction of the national and political development.

  • The central handling and editing for the entire project are subordinated to Prof. Dr. Peter Brandt (FernUniversität in Hagen), Dr. Werner Daum (FernUniversität in Hagen), Dr. Martin Kirsch (Berlin) und Apl.-Prof. Dr. Arthur Schlegelmilch (FernUniversität in Hagen). The circle of co-operators consists, from volume to volume, of 30-40 scientists from various European countries engaged in different academic fields.

  • The project is being promoted by Archiv der Sozialen Demokratie der Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, Bonn and published by Verlag J.H.W. Dietz Nachf., Bonn.

  • The project is orientated according to an extended concept of constitution which is supposed to allow the integration of history of social structures and of history of the political/national development and thus render possible the confrontation of constitutional standards and constitutional realities. Therefore it is not based on a normative concept of constitution which is orientated according to today’s legal terms. Instead the general legal and political conditions of national rule are being focussed on. This comprehensive concept of constitution, to which every author of the handbook is committed to, has been made operational by defined criteria and is not only suitable for the analysis of single constitutions and interpretation of national constitutional developments. It also provides a comparative look at the entire European constitutional history as well as it makes constitutional and historical processes of transfer between various countries transparent, as required by the latest scientific research.

  • The handbook and the CD-ROM-edition are structured according to an analytic system which investigates the national constitutionality of the single European countries on the basis of 12 constitutional fields:

    • Chapter 1: General description of the country
    • Chapter 2: Constitutional Structure of the Central National Level
    • Chapter 3: The Right to Vote
    • Chapter 4: Fundamental Rights
    • Chapter 5: Administration
    • Chapter 6: Justice
    • Chapter 7: Military
    • Chapter 8: Constitutional Culture
    • Chapter 9: Church
    • Chapter 10: Educational System
    • Chapter 11: Finances
    • Chapter 12: Economic and Social Legislation / Public Welfare
  • The entire project is chronologically structured into four periods of time, which corresponds to four volumes of the handbook with approximately 800-1300 pages each:

    • Volume 1: Around 1800
    • Volume 2: 1815-1847
    • Volume 3: 1848-1870
    • Volume 4: Around 1900

    The division of the European constitutional history into time periods has the advantage of a direct comparative approach within the individual time frame that is to be depicted. Each volume can be used individually whereas the whole edition provides a comprehensive survey of European constitutional development in the 19th century.

    Each volume of the handbook is being accompanied by a CD-ROM-edition which contains every constitutional text of a certain period as well as other important texts with relevance for constitutional history (about 1.000 sources per volume with a dimension of about 10.000 print pages). These texts are edited in the original language and partly supplemented with German translations. The majority of the texts are original sources that were so far only accessible in old editions or in ones to which access was hardly possible at all.

    The CD-ROM-edition enables the user to recall texts and individual text passages and consider them comparatively, either in their complete context or analizing them in respect of user-defined notions (full-text search) or according to an corresponding Subject catalogue with 134 search categories (keywords).


Time schedule

Handbook (print edition)

  • Volume 1: Around 1800 | published 2006
  • Volume 2: 1815-1847 | published 2012
  • Volume 3: 1848-1870 | published 2020
  • Volume 4: Around 1900 | expected date of publication: 2025

Sources (CD-ROM-edition)

  • Part 1: Around 1800 | published 2004
  • Part 2: 1815-1847 | published 2010
  • Part 3: 1848-1870 | expected date of publication: 2015
  • Part 4: Around 1900 | expected date of publication: 2025

Editors

  • Born in 1948, Prof. em. Dr. phil., 1989–2014 head of the instructional field of modern German and European History at the Fernuniversität in Hagen, 2003–2017 director of the Institute for European Constitutional Sciences in Hagen, Publications on European, especially German history from 18th to 20th century.

  • Born in 1961, Dr. phil., Coordination of project, 2006-2012 postdoctoral research fellow within the instructional field of modern German and European history at the FernUniversität in Hagen, since autumn 2012 director of the Regional University Center of Karlsruhe (FernUniversität in Hagen), Publications on Modern Italian History, European Constitutional History as well as History of Public Space and Journalism in long 19th century.

    Tel.: +49 721 93380-990
    Fax: +49 721 93380-996
    E-Mail: werner.daum

  • Born in 1965; Dr. phil.; formerly Juniorprofessor for Modern History and Didactics, Seminar of History in Landau, Universität Koblenz-Landau; Research Fellow of Gerda Henkel Stiftung at the chair of European History of 20th Century, Institute of History, Humboldt Universität Berlin; Publications on European, especially French and German Constitutional History and History of Politics of 19th Century as well as History of Culture and Science of 20th Century.

  • Born in 1958, Dr. phil., Apl. Prof., Executive Director of the Institute for History and Biography at FernUniversität in Hagen, lecturer and co-operator within the instructional field of Modern German and European History at the FernUniversität in Hagen as well as at the Institute for European Constitutional Sciences in Hagen, Publications on German Post-War History as well as on European, especially German and Austrian Constitutional History of 19th Century.

Co-operators

  • Subject Handbook CD-ROM-edition
    1.1 International Relations/Treaties Werner Daum, Berlin Peter Brandt, Hagen
    Otfried Czaika, Linköping
    Werner Daum, Berlin
    Jörg-Peter Findeisen, Trier
    Martin Kirsch, Landau
    Arkadij Jurjevic Minakov, Voronez
    Kurt Münger, Bern
    Paul van Peteghem, Nijmegen
    Elfriede Rembold, Berlin
    Arthur Schlegelmilch, Hagen
    Dietmar Wulff, Voronez
    1.2 European Constitutional Thought Pierangelo Schiera, Trento
    2. Great Britain Gottfried Niedhart, Mannheim Elfriede Rembold, Berlin Gottfried Niedhart, Mannheim
    3. France Martin Kirsch, Landau Werner Daum, Berlin Wolfgang Kruse, Hagen Armin Owzar, Münster Rüdiger Schmidt, Münster Martin Kirsch, Landau
    4. Italy Werner Daum, Berlin
    5. Netherlands Michael Erbe, Mannheim Paul van Pethegem, Nijmegen Paul van Pethegem, Nijmegen
    6. Switzerland Christoph Guggenbühl, Zürich
    7. Poland Boris Pleitner, Oldenburg Eva Tenzer, Oldenburg Blazej Bialkowski, Berlin Martin Kirsch, Landau
    8. Spain Walther L. Bernecker, Nürnberg Sören Brinkmann, Nürnberg
    9. Germany and the Habsburg Empire
    9.1 Old "Reich" and Rhine Confederation Edgar Liebmann, Hagen
    9.2 Napoleonic states in Germany Rüdiger Ham, Marburg Mario Kandil, Linnich Martin Kirsch, Landau
    9.3 South German States Axel Kellmann, Köln Patricia Drewes, Oerlinghausen Michael Stoyke, Berlin
    9.4 Prussia Peter Brandt, Hagen Kurt Münger, Bern Kurt Münger, Bern
    9.5 Austria Arthur Schlegelmilch, Hagen
    9.6 Hungary Gábor Paikossy, Budapest
    10. Sweden Otfried Czaika, Linköping Jörg-Peter Findeisen, Trier
    11. Denmark Otfried Czaika, Linköping Inger Dübeck, Kopenhagen Katharina Woellert, Hamburg Inger Dübeck, Kopenhagen Katharina Woellert, Hamburg
    12. Norway Peter Brandt, Hagen Otfried Czaika, Linköping Peter Brandt, Hagen Katharina Woellert, Hamburg
    13. Russia Michail Dmitrievič Karpačev, Voronez Arkadij Jurjevic Minakov, Voronez Dietmar Wulff, Voronez
    14. Ottoman Empire Gülnihal Bozkurt, Ankara
    15. Romanian Principalities Bogdan Murgescu, Bukarest Dietmar Müller, Leipzig Dietmar Müller, Leipzig
    16. Portugal António Manuel Hespanha, Lissabon António Manuel Hespanha, Lissabon André Ventura, Lissabon
  • Subject Handbook CD-ROM-edition
    1.1 International Relations/Treaties Bardo Fassbender, München Bardo Fassbender, München
    Werner Daum, Hagen
    1.2 European Constitutional Thought Pierangelo Schiera, Trento
    2. Great Britain Hans-Christof Kraus
    3. France Martin Kirsch, Landau Daniela Kneißl, Paris
    4. Italy
    4.1 The Kingdoms of Sardinia and the Two Sicilies Werner Daum, Hagen
    4.2 The central Italian principalities and the Papal States Francesca Sofia, Bologna
    5. Netherlands Jeroen van Zanten, Amsterdam Johannes Koll, Wien Stefaan Marteel, Florenz Jeroen van Zanten, Amsterdam
    6. Belgium Johannes Koll, Wien Johannes Koll, Wien Stefaan Marteel, Florenz
    7. Luxembourg Norbert Franz, Trier
    8. Switzerland Ulrich Zelger, Zürich
    9. Poland Martina Thomsen, Leipzig
    10. Spain Walther L. Bernecker, Nürnberg Jens Späth, München Brenda Escobar, München Jens Späth, München
    11. Germany and the Hansburg Empire
    11.1 German Confederation Edgar Liebmann, Wuppertal
    11.2 German states of first constitutionalization Hartwig Brandt, Marburg
    11.3 German states of second constitutionalization Ewald Grothe, Wuppertal
    11.4 German states between premodern and modern constitution Axel Kellmann, Köln
    11.5 Prussia Monika Wienfort, Berlin
    11.6 Austria Markus Prutsch, Florenz Arthur Schlegelmilch, Hagen
    11.7 Hungary András Gergely, Budapest
    11.8 Liechtenstein Herbert Wille, Bendern Paul Vogt, Vaduz Herbert Wille, Bendern
    12. Sweden Otfried Czaika, Stockholm
    13. Denmark Jens E. Olesen, Greifswald
    14. Norway Peter Brandt, Hagen Peter Brandt, Hagen Miriam Horn, Hagen Peer Krumrey, Berlin
    15. Russia Dietmar Wulff, Bielefeld-Voronez Michail Dmitrievič Karpačev, Voronez Dietmar Wulff, Bielefeld-Voronez Dmitry Razumov, Berlin
    16. Finland Frank Nesemann, Leipzig
    17. Ottoman Empire Tobias Heinzelmann, Zürich Tobias Heinzelmann, Zürich Veysel Şimşek, Hamilton
    18. Romanian Principalities Dietmar Müller, Leipzig Bogdan Murgescu, Bukarest Ioan Stanomir, Bukarest
    19. Serbia Holm Sundhaussen, Berlin Nenad Stefanov, Berlin
    20. Greece Ioannis Zelepos, Wien Michael Tsapogas, Athen
    21. Portugal António Manuel Hespanha, Lissabon
  • Subject Handbook CD-ROM-edition
    1 European Constitutional Thought Pierangelo Schiera, Trento
    2. Great Britain Detlev Mares, Darmstadt
    Jörg Neuheiser, Tübingen
    3. France

    Axel Dröber, Freiburg
    Benjamin Marquart, Freiburg
    Fabian Rausch, Freiburg

    Martin Kirsch, Berlin
    4. Italy

    Maria Pia Casalena, Bologna
    Francesca Sofia, Bologna

    5. Netherlands Remieg Aerts, Nijmegen
    6. Belgium Stefaan Marteel, Brüssel
    7. Luxembourg Norbert Franz, Trier
    8. Switzerland Marco Jorio, Rüfenacht Ulrich Zelger, St. Gallen
    9. Poland Martina Thomsen, Kiel
    10. Spain Walther L. Bernecker, Nürnberg
    Alexandre Froidevaux, Berlin
    Alexandre Froidevaux, Berlin
    11. Germany and the Habsburg Empire
    11.1 Overall State Level
    11.1.1 Deutsches Reich 1848/49 Thomas Stockinger, Wien Klaus Seidl, München
    11.1.2 German Confederation Jürgen Müller, Frankfurt a.M.
    11.1.3 North German Confederation Christian Jansen, Trier
    11.2 German medium-sized states Jonas Flöter, Leipzig
    11.3 German micro-states Stefan Gerber, Jena Miriam Horn, Hagen
    11.4 Prussia Anna G. Manca, Trento
    11.5 Austria Markus Prutsch, Brüssel
    11.6 Hungary András Cieger, Budapest
    András Gergely, Budapest
    11.7 Liechtenstein Herbert Wille, Bendern
    12. Sweden Per Nilsén, Lund Otfried Czaika, Oslo
    Christian Häthén, Lund
    13. Denmark Elisabeth Haug, Kiel
    Jens E. Olesen, Greifswald
    Jes Fabricius Møller, Kopenhagen
    14. Norway Peter Brandt, Hagen
    15. Russia Dietmar Wulff, St. Petersburg
    16. Finland Robert Schweitzer, Lübeck
    Frank Nesemann, Speyer
    17. Ottoman Empire Ozan Erözden, Istanbul
    Mehmet Hacisalihoglu, Istanbul
    18. Romanian Principalities Dietmar Müller, Leipzig
    Bogdan Murgescu, Bukarest
    19. Serbia Nenad Stefanov, Berlin
    20. Greece Ioannis Zelepos, München
    21. Portugal António Manuel Hespanha, Lissabon

Publications

The results of the project are published in two parts: the source-edition on CD-ROM and the printed handbook. Both components are based on each other and provide future research with a comparative approach to European constitutional history of the 19th century.

Sources - Part 1

[mehr erfahren]

Peter Brandt / Martin Kirsch / Arthur Schlegelmilch (Ed.):
Quellen zur europäischen Verfassungsgeschichte im 19. Jahrhundert. Institutionen und Rechtspraxis im gesellschaftlichen Wandel,
Part 1: Um 1800, Bonn 2004 (CD-ROM):

Handbook - Volume 1

[mehr erfahren]

Peter Brandt / Martin Kirsch / Arthur Schlegelmilch (Ed.), with collaboration of Werner Daum:
Handbuch der europäischen Verfassungsgeschichte im 19. Jahrhundert. Institutionen und Rechtspraxis im gesellschaftlichen Wandel, Volume 1: Um 1800, Bonn 2006:

Sources - Part 2

[mehr erfahren]

Peter Brandt / Werner Daum / Martin Kirsch / Arthur Schlegelmilch (Ed.):
Quellen zur europäischen Verfassungsgeschichte im 19. Jahrhundert. Institutionen und Rechtspraxis im gesellschaftlichen Wandel,
Part 2: 1815-1847, Bonn 2010 (CD-ROM):

Handbook - Volume 2

[mehr erfahren]

Werner Daum (Ed., with collaboration of Peter Brandt, Martin Kirsch and Arthur Schlegelmilch):
Handbuch der europäischen Verfassungsgeschichte im 19. Jahrhundert. Institutionen und Rechtspraxis im gesellschaftlichen Wandel, Volume 2: 1815-1847, Bonn 2012:

Sources - Part 3

[mehr erfahren]

Peter Brandt / Werner Daum / Martin Kirsch / Arthur Schlegelmilch (Ed.):
Quellen zur europäischen Verfassungsgeschichte im 19. Jahrhundert. Institutionen und Rechtspraxis im gesellschaftlichen Wandel,
Part 3: 1848-1870, ed. by W. Daum, Bonn 2015 (CD-ROM):


Reviews >

Werner Daum | 18.12.2019